Pancreatic islet cells

A cluster of specialized types of hormone-producing cells found in the “Islets of Langerhans” of the pancreas. There are five basic types of pancreatic islet cells; alpha cells, beta cells, delta cells, PP cells and epsilon cells. These cells serve an important function in the regulation and balance of sugar in our body. Loss of the beta cells leads to diabetes, one of the most prevalent diseases in society today. Since stem cells may provide a way of creating beta cells, one of the primary aims of regenerative medicine is to use stem cells to create an unlimited source of beta cells for the treatment and cure of diabetes.